When it comes to the Internet and what makes it tick, the simple answer is: domains. Domains play an integral part in how the Internet, as we know it, works and how we connect to the world of information, products and services marketed and sold online. The idea of a domain, and the modern addressing or routing system used, was invented in 1985. For most business owners, a domain is an important tool in selling services and products online, as well as attracting customers to offline, traditional marketplaces for goods and services. Here are 16 interesting facts from Webmasterjury that are not common knowledge and will expand your horizon, in the world of internet domains!
1)    Approximately 13% of all .com domain registrations are of short, 5 or 6-character domain names.
2)    Domain name registration was free for everyone prior to 1995.
3)    Apple was the 64th domain registered in 1985 and can boast being one of the first domains put into service.
4)    Google.com was originally suppose to be googol.com, but due to an administrative error, was registered as Google. The name has since become a household name.
5)    .ng is the most expensive TLD (Top Level Domain) extension and costs a whopping $40,000 USD per year, to use the extension.
6)    2017’s most popular new TLDs include: .app, .fan and .web.
7)    Carinsurance.com is the most expensive domain ever sold, to a non-government entity, and was sold for a massive 49.7 million USD, to Quinstreet Inc, in 2010.
8)    Twitter was only able to purchase the rights to twitter.co.au in 2015, as it was registered by a domain parker and sold to the company for a huge profit.
9)    In 2003, Microsoft Inc. forgot to renew Hotmail.co.uk.
10)   “Trump” was the leading keyword used in the registration of new domains in Jan 2017, for .com and .new TLDs.
11)    Mike Mann sets the record for most domains registered in a single day. Mike registered 14,962 domains in a 24-hour period, in April 2012, setting the record that stands to this today.
12)   Domains are usually registered for periods of one to ten years at a time, but “Network Solutions” allows domains registered through their service to be registered for a period of up to 100 years.
13)   GoDaddy is the clear leader of new domain registrations, with an estimated 54 million new domains registered so far in 2017. GoDaddy’s nearest competitor registered less, 12 million unique domains, in the same time period.
14)   Some domains, like, .tk, .cf, .gs, .cu and .cc are free to register TLD’s, meaning the companies that administer them don’t charge you to register your domain with those extensions.
15)   The most non-government used TLD is, .xyz. It likely has such high usership due to its low registration costs of only $0.69 USD per domain.
16)   In 1987, the 100th domain was registered, meaning it took the Internet nearly 2 years to hit the 100-site milestone. Today, 100 sites are registered every few milliseconds.

*These are a few interesting facts about domain names that you likely didn’t know. If you are interested in learning a few more, 101 facts can be found at Webmasterjury, who kindy provided this content.

By Zak Muscovitch

On my recent trip to India for the DomainX conference, I found that the excitement and anticipation among Indians was palpable. India stands on the precipice of becoming the single most powerful force on the Internet. Peering over the shoulder of the USA and China in terms of current volume of Internet users, the numbers tell much of the tale. But the current volume of users alone does not reveal the entire story.

In order to fully appreciate India’s future place on the Internet, one must first appreciate its remarkable past. Many Westerners would be surprised to learn, that but for a veritable blip of history comprising the last few centuries of human progress, India has been at the center of the economic world. As shown on the below map prepared by the McKinsey Global Institute, in the year 1000 AD, the world’s economic center of gravity was in fact, in Asia, just north of current-day India, and west of China.

By 2025, a mere 10 years from now, the center will have remarkably shifted back nearly all the way to how it was over 1000 years ago. What is equally remarkable, is that the last 1000 years of human civilization is but a fraction of India’s economic history. It does not encompass the entire length of Indian civilization, which can be traced back to between 3000 and 1900 BC. As masterfully documented by historian Michael Wood, in his landmark documentary, The Story of India, the greater Indus region was home to the largest of the four ancient urban civilizations of Egypt, Mesoptamia, South Asia, and China, and comprised the planned cities of Harappa and Mohenjo-daro, which were trade and craft production centers. As early as 3000 BC, writings and carvings indicate that India had established itself self as a major spice trade route centered in Kerala, the “Spice Garden of India”, marking the beginning of the spice trade, which was to become the largest and most important business in the entire world for centuries to come. Let us also not lose sight of the fact that it was Spain’s Christopher Columbus himself, who was trying to find a route to India’s spices, when he stumbled upon America by mistake.

Aside from its financial importance, India of course must be recognized for its vast and rich cultural and religious history. India is the birthplace not just of Hinduism, but also of Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism. There are 2000 ethnic groups in India and there are 122 languages spoken with nearly 2000 dialects. In India today, there are 1.3 billion people in 36 states, and it is projected to be the world’s most populous country by 2025. An estimated 80.5% of Indians are Hindu, and 13.4% or 177 million, are Muslim, making it the third largest Muslim population in the world, after Bangladesh (formerly part of India), and Indonesia. Many aspects of Indian cultural life which have existed for centuries, are only now catching on in western countries. For example, the popularity of yoga in the United States has increased dramatically, with almost twice as many adults practicing yoga as in 2002. Vegetarianism, practiced by Hindus and other Indians since ancient times, is now practiced by 5% of Americans, doubling from 2.5% in 2009.

Moreover, today’s Indian populace is remarkably young,with a median age of 28, which is significantly lower than China (37.6), and Japan (44.4), with its workforce expanding as China contracts, resulting in a labor shortfall by 2050. As quoted in CNBC, Robert Prior-Wandesforde, director of Asian economics research at Credit Suisse, “India has close to ideal demographics. It’s in a sweet spot…As the population’s working age expands, savings increase — and that turns into a source of funding for investment. This will be beneficial for the country’s competitiveness as other countries age”. Also, according to Sunil Devmurari, country manager for India at Euromonitor, “Two hundred and fifty million people are set to join India’s workforce by 2030. As a big chunk of the population shifts into the working age group, the offshoot of that is an increase in disposable incomes and conspicuous consumption. This is the most exciting aspect of India’s demographic dividend”.
India’s place in the world and its immense potential, has not been lost on new Indian Prime Minister, Narendra Modi, who proclaimed that, “the 21st century will be that of India”, with plans to upgrade Indiafrom a $2 trillion economy, to a $20 trillion one, while recognizing that India was transitioning from “a winter of subdued achievement” to a “new spring”.

Now, when it comes to the Internet and the future of India, the numbers are equally remarkable. Currently, the first-ranked country by number of Internet Users is China, at 641,601,070, followed by the United States in second place at 279,834,232. India ranks just behind the United States in third place, at 243,198,922 Internet Users.However, the most impressive aspect of India’s volume of Internet usage ranking, is not that it is in third place, just behind the US, but rather, that those 243 million Internet Users represents a mere 19% penetration of India’s total population of nearly 1.3 Billion people. In comparison, the US’s 279,934,232 Internet Users represents nearly 87% of its populace. In other words, once India ramps up to 87% penetration amongst its massive populace, it would amount to nearly 900 million people, or close to 3 times the population of the entire United States. Accordingly, currently, at the low penetration rate of 19%, India’s share of the world’s Internet Users is 8.33%, whereas at 87% penetration, it could conceivably rank at close to a quarter of all Internet Users, worldwide. China too presents a massive demographic potential for increased Internet Users as it rises from 46% penetration, however currently India  is outpacing China in terms of year-over-year Internet User growth, at a rate of 14% growth to China’s 4%. What also stands out about India, is its high proportion of mobile Internet users. On a percentage basis, India already has more mobile Internet users than any other country in the world, according to Google India Managing Director, Ranjan Anadan.

When applied to growth in Internet commerce sales, India’s massive growth in Internet usage demonstrated an equally massive yet unrealized growth in online sales. There are about 35 million Indians who currently buy products online, but by 2016 that will more than double to 100 million Internet Users who make purchases online. The potential growth in the Indian online commerce marketplace is simply staggering. Mr. Anandan cleverly refers to the immense potential of the massive Indian marketplace, as “the billion user opportunity in India”.

The growth of the Indian Internet marketplace is being led to a substantial degree, by businessmen of Indian origin, who are leading the world’s largest technology companies. Google’s Chief Executive Officer is Sundar Pichai. Microsoft’s CEO is Satya Nadella. SanDisk’s CEO is Danjay Mehrotra. Nokia’s CEP is Rajeev Suri. Adobe’s CEO is Shantanu Narayen. It is truly remarkable, and these are only a handful of the success stories.

But it is not only established companies which are being led by Indians and people of Indian origin, but also start-ups. Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi, has appealed to the people to work towards making India a “Start Up Nation”. Israel, the original “Start-Up Nation”, has served as a model for the entrepreneurship that is being fostered in India, with assistance and cooperation in many technological and academic endeavors. India has made incredible progress in homegrown in entrepreneurship.  Its Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) is ranked fourth (just ahead of Harvard) out of 50 universities, in producing venture capital backed founders.

Even outside of India itself, Indians start more companies than any other immigrant group in California (26%) and many other states, and overall, 33.2 of all companies founded by immigrants in the United States are founded by Indians. which is amazing considering that Indians only represent between 0.7% and 3.4% of the population of these states, as mentioned by Neesha Bapat in Forbes.

One reason that India has become a hotbed for entrepreneurship is that so many international companies, particularly in the tech field, have offices in India, as pointed out by Andy White, lead research analyst for Pitchbook, as quoted by Nelson Vinod Moses.  “Large corporations such as Microsoft and Google hire a larger number of employees from India. After building a resume at one of these major companies, employees are connected enough to make a foray into the world of startups,” says White.

That is exactly the situation that I personally found when I visited Bengaluru (formerly known as Bangalore), which is considered the center of the “Indian Silicone Valley”, in August, 2015. There, while attending and speaking at the DomainX domain name conferencein my capacity as a domain name lawyer, I met many young Indian engineers who were working at major international technology companies in a variety of capacities. Many of them had completed graduate work abroad, and many spent time in the United States where they were working at their company’s head offices. Nearly all had an interest in starting their own company, and more importantly, all had the technological ability to do so. Moreover, by locating themselves in India where experienced qualified tech guys are in abundance and far less expensive than in California, they have increased their financial ability to execute. 

The future is bright for Indian entrepreneurs, with the number of Indian billionaires set to double within the next 10 years.  You may be interested to know that at one point, the richest person in the entire world, was Osman Ali Khan, the 7th Nizam of Hyderabad (today known as “Cyberbad” due to it being a center for technology companies, along with Bengaluru). 

When the 7thNizam was deposed in 1948, he was adjudged the richest man in the world. He had a diamond the size of a grapefruit that he reportedly used as a doorstop, and in 2008, Forbes magazine placed him fifth on its “all-time wealthiest” list, with a personal fortune in inflation-adjusted dollars of $210.8 billion. Furthermore, as the story goes, on a visit to London, he was pissed off by a Rolls Royce salesman who didn’t think he, being an Indian, had enough money to buy one. Well, he bought six, and used them to sweep the roads in Hyderabad. You can visit his former home as I did, in Hyderabad, as it is now an incredible hotel called the Taj Falaknuma PalaceHowever, the richest man in India these days is a Mumbai businessman, who built his own 27 floor home – I mean the entire building is for him and his staff! It is the world’s second most expensive residential property after Buckingham Palace. 

When it comes to domain names, which is my particular area of expertise, India is also experiencing tremendous growth. India’s national domain name suffix, or “Top Level Domain”, “.in”, crossed the 1.7 million mark this April, 2015. And that is with only 20% Internet penetration. In comparison, Canada, who has nearly 93% Internet penetration with a population of a mere 35 million, has just under 2 million “.ca” domain name registrations. If Indians continue to adopt the .in domain name TLD in proportion to the growth of Indian Internet penetration generally, then it could experience a dramatic growth, while Canada’s .ca registrations, for example, are slowing down. That being said, from the people that I spoke with, “.com” continues to be “King”, as it bears a more established prestige, and international attraction for many Indians. As reported in TheDomains, according to FirstPost.com, average monthly domain name registrations in India has more than doubled, so that it now accounts for 4% of global registrations. That is still a far cry from the 20-22% for China, but as we saw above, it is India that is poised to overtake China as a result of its staggering growth in Internet Users.
I see tremendous opportunity in India both for Indians, and for non-Indians who do business in and with India. In the Internet sector in particular, India is poised to become a world power, second to none. Given its dramatic year over year growth in Internet penetration, combined with its 1.3 billion person populace, young and educated workforce, and entrepreneurial spirit, I envision an Internet that will shortly be, to a substantial degree, run by and used by, Indians. That is why the future of the Internet belongs to India.

By Zak Muscovitch.

For me, it was probably the year 1994. While in law school, I was working as a waiter at the now defunct Movenpick restaurant in Toronto’s fashionable Yorkville neighbourhood. A German pastry chef named, Peter, asked me, “Zak, what do you think of the Internet”. I responded, “What’s the Internet?” I was immediately curious and got online over the next couple days. From that point on, I was hooked.

Not long afterwards in 1994, I was sitting at Jet Fuel, a hip urban coffee shop which was popular with bike couriers. It offered a massive coffee drink called a “latte” for $1.00. This drink was to become very popular in the future. A fellow was sitting around near me and looked like a bike courier. I heard him mention something about the Internet and we got to talking. He introduced himself as a “Technology Evangelist” and produced a business card. That was the first time that I had ever heard of this term, and found it and its implications, just fascinating.

By this time in 1994, I was using Tucows like crazy. I am not of course talking about Tucows, the domain name registrar, but Tucows, the ORIGINAL app store, long before it became known as a domain name registrar, which offered a  website which had all kinds of cool new software for free download, like Powwow, an innovative chat program, created by a guy named John McAffee.

By 1995, I was playing a game called Command and Conquer  with friends that I had to call up on the phone to schedule a gaming appointment with. We used a cool  app called, Kali,  to connect our computers over the phone lines. I remember sending $20 in cash by mail to Jay Cotton, the developer, to get the software license to use it.

The coolest thing ever though, was using the Internet to call and leave a voice message for a guy in New York City on his answering machine. He had somehow set it up so that people could do that via his web site.  I must have done it 15 times because it was so cool.

Also on June 22, 1995, I was delighted to see a feature article on the “World Wide Web” in the Toronto Star newspaper.

This article said that “the Internet is hottest new communications medium on the planet”, with an estimated 30 to 50 million people already “wired”.

In late 1996, I wrote a ground-breaking article called, “Taxation of Internet Commerce”. It was one of the first articles ever published on the topic, and it got me my first “A” in law school. It also became a very widely cited paper on the topic. At the time, I do not recall there being any “hits” when searching for this title using the preferred search engine at the time, WebCrawler.

I think that It was probably not until 2002 that I registered my first domain name. Did they still cost $75 then? This seems rather late to me so I have my doubts that it may have been earlier. I think my first domain name was RobotHunting.com. I felt that with the pace of technology, “robot hunting” and “robot fishing” would certainly be just around the corner. I subsequently let the name drop of course.

Since then, a whole lot of the mystique and mystery of the Internet has been long gone. But once in a while I hear about new Internet related technology that is exciting and it reminds me of the old glory days when the Internet was young.

When did you first hear of the Internet?